Subjects Offered

Chengelo School

Subjects Available at Chengelo

In Forms 4 and 5, pupils have a degree of choice as to which subjects they wish to continue to study to external examination level.

Course choices are as follows:

English & English Literature

The purpose of English in the Chengelo curriculum is to empower our students to become confident and competent communicators. It aims to develop creative thought and analytical skills, and to hone sensitive, perceptive responses to both texts and life situations. Further benefits of studying English are heightened critical thinking and an ability to make wise, informed decisions; both will become indispensable companions for our nation’s future leaders.

Students follow one integrated course over the two years, which will result in two entirely separate IGCSEs – English Language and English Literature. English Language requires an in-depth analysis of varied written texts, an ability to write coherently in different forms and an aptitude for extracting information and re-presenting it in a different form. Students will be assessed through a coursework portfolio, showcasing their best writing, and an examination.

In Literature, students will look at texts in all three genres: drama, poetry and prose. They will refine their analytical skills, and develop a confident critical response to the texts read. Students will be assessed through three examinations.

Reasons to study ENGLISH include the following:

1. You want to accurately convey information in either written or spoken form to colleagues, employees or bosses. You want to make an impression in your workplace. You want to write effective analytical essays in your other IGCSE subjects.

2. You wish to enjoy a career in law, history, marketing, editing, media, publishing, advertising, public relations or education.

3. You wish to become a writer, journalist, playwright or songwriter. You want to be someone who is eloquent, wise, coherent, persuasive and popular.


The IGCSE syllabus includes topics such as soil science, crop production and protection, animal production and health, farm structures and machinery, agricultural economics, principles of plant growth and agriculture in a wider sense. The Chengelo Training Farm has both crop and animal production enterprises where students can observe and take part in various farm operations. The school’s vegetable gardens are the main site for practical assessment activities and Form 5 projects. Agriculture students are privileged to visit the commercial farms on prior arrangement with farm owners.

The examination consists of a theory paper and an assessed practical project of the pupil’s choice. The subject has an excellent reputation and the examination results have been very good in recent years.

Reasons to study AGRICULTURE include:

1. It is an Applied Science, which harnesses the key concepts in the pure sciences for the provision of basic human needs of food, clothing and shelter.

2. It derives its productive resources from the natural biophysical environment and therefore creates an increased awareness of man’s sole dependence on nature and the ever-pending need to manage our environment in a sustainable manner.

3. Agriculture opens up a variety of career paths leading to jobs such as: Agricultural Economists, Agribusiness consultants, Development Consultants, Farm Managers, Agricultural Engineers, Crop Scientists, Rangeland Managers, and Veterinary Doctors etc.

4. Agriculture provides a vast range of opportunities for research in Academic and Socio-economic spheres of human lif


Pupils work towards the examinations based on a syllabus that does not include coursework. The aims of the IGCSE Mathematics course are to enable students to develop their mathematical knowledge and oral, written and practical skills in a way that encourages confidence and provides satisfaction and enjoyment.

Pupils will study a number of topics including square-roots and cubes, standard form, estimation, limits of accuracy, ratio, proportion, rate, percentages, money, personal and household finance, graphs, algebra, functions, indices, solutions of equations and inequalities, geometry, trigonometry, statistics, probability, matrices, linear programming, constructions, mensuration, locus, trigonometry, vectors and transformations.

Mathematics is a compulsory subject, and it is essential that all pupils have a grounding in this subject that will equip them further to study in any discipline. Most further education institutions and employers insist that candidates have passed Mathematics with a grade C or above, making Mathematics a vital subject.

Pupils are split into two sets: Extended and Core. The final examinations are available at two levels: Core curriculum with grades C-G available and Extended curriculum with grades A*-E being available.

Biology, Physics & Chemistry

In Form 3 students have begun their IGCSE courses in Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Our most able students are advised to take all three science subjects. After the mock exams in the June of Form 5, a decision is taken as to whether pupils should be entered at Core or Extended level.

Practical work remains fundamental to all of the IGCSE sciences, and it is assessed through the Alternative-to-Practical paper in each subject. To support this there are several well equipped laboratories and a well-stocked preparation room.


Reasons to Study BIOLOGY include:

  1. You want to be a doctor, dentist, veterinarian, biochemist, nurse, marine biologist, agriculturalist, physiotherapist, geneticist, etc.
  2. Biology gives you a good understanding of the world you live in and your own body.
  3. You enjoy doing practicals and lab work and investigating scientific problems by experimentation.
  4. Biology will give you an understanding of the environment and how man’s activities can affect and influence it.


Reasons to study CHEMISTRY include:

  1. No science has contributed as much value to so many fields of human life as chemistry. Food, fuel, clothing, health and entertainment have all been served by chemists, and chemistry, throughout the world.
  2. New opportunities for chemists are opening up in areas such as computers, biotechnology and the environment, as well as in more traditional areas such as petroleum chemicals, plastics and pharmaceuticals.
  3. Chemistry will help you develop your problem solving skills, which are vital in all areas of life.
  4. Chemistry is a required qualification for many college and university courses (e.g. medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, biochemistry, chemical engineering, pharmacy, agriculture, and genetics). Chemistry is a useful and enjoyable subject of study for everyone.


Reasons to study PHYSICS include:

  1. Physics enhances your understanding of the World in which we live, and also helps you appreciate the majesty of God through examining his creation.
  2. Physics gives you thinking skills, which can be applied in any context. It gives you the background knowledge you may need to solve everyday practical problems.
  3. Physics gives you the technical background that can help with some aspects of political and business decision making.

Physics at IGCSE level is a very well respected academic qualification and can open up many career opportunities including Medicine, Engineering, and Aviation.

ICT (Information Communication Technology)

The ICT course is designed to give an overview of computers without going into a lot of depth of theory. The course also has a strong practical level (accounting for 50% of the course) to enable students to demonstrate that they can competently use a computer system. This course is ideally suited for students who are looking at careers where the ability to use a computer is important such as administration, business and most branches of Law.

The syllabus aims summarise the context in which you should view the syllabus content and describe the purposes of a course based on this syllabus. They are not listed in order of priority.

The aims are to develop:

  • knowledge of ICT including new and emerging technologies
  • autonomous and discerning use of ICT
  • skills to enhance work produced in a range of contexts
  • skills to analyse, design, implement, test and evaluate ICT systems skills to consider the impact of current and new technologies on methods of working in the outside world and on social, economic, ethical and moral issues
  • ICT-based solutions to solve problem
  • the ability to recognise potential risks when using ICT, and use safe, secure and responsible practice.


Reasons to study ICT include:

Cambridge IGCSE Information and Communication Technology encourages learners to develop lifelong skills, including:

  • understanding and using applications
  • using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to solve problems
  • analysing, designing, implementing, testing and evaluating ICT systems, ensuring that they are fit for purpose
  • understanding the implications of technology in society, including social, economic and ethical uses awareness of the ways ICT can help in home, learning and work environments.
Computer Science

The IGCSE Computer Science course includes sections on applications of computers and their social and economic implications, analysis of computer systems, problem solving including algorithm design and programming concepts, generic software and the organisation of data, and hardware, systems and communications.

The course aims are to:

  • Develop in students an appreciation of the range and power of computer applications.
  • Foster an interest in, enjoyment of, and confidence in the use of computing.
  • Develop students’ abilities to solve problems using computing techniques.
  • Develop an awareness in students of the place of computing in society and issues computing raises in society.
  • Provide students with a firm understanding of the basic techniques and knowledge required for computing applications.
  • Foster a desire to use computers within other interests.


Reasons to study COMPUTER SCIENCE include:

  1. Computers are having, and will continue to have, an impact on education, business, administration, communications and all aspects of everyday life.
  2. Universities and colleges increasingly expect students to have a thorough grounding in ICT skills.
  3. Computer Technology will play an increasing role in the continuing development of Zambia.
  4. To develop and foster a strong understanding of ICT particularly for those looking at progressing in to computer or computer related fields such as surgery, informatics, networks or any internationally based industry.

Students must choose either IGCSE in Computer Science or IGCSE ICT (Information & Communication Technology).

Business Studies

The IGCSE Business Studies course gives a broad introduction to the business world and can prepare a student for many different careers. For Business Studies students should have an interest in the study of business and its operations and have a good ability in Mathematics to help them understand calculations in finance, costing and analysis, break even analysis, accounting, cash flow analysis, sales and profit forecasting and any other business calculations.

The IGCSE syllabus is split into 5 sections:

  • Business and the environment in which it operates.
  • Business structure, organisation and control.
  • Business activity to achieve objectives.
  • People in Business.
  • Regulating and controlling business activity.

Field trips are made to business organizations to widen the scope of understanding. Final exams are written in the November of Form 5 and students will write 2 papers.


Reasons to study BUSINESS STUDIES include:

  1. I want to run my own business or be involved in business.
  2. I want to broaden my knowledge (e.g. psychology of work, finance, and marketing.)
  3. Business Studies opens a number of career opportunities including: Management, Accountancy, Business, Administration, Training, Consultancy, Economics, Marketing and Business Law.

Geography is basically the study of 'places', 'people' and often how they interact together. It is regarded as a bridging discipline between natural and social sciences. It is popular with most students as they can easily grasp the reality and interest of the subject.

Making Geography alive by the use of case studies and fieldwork is the key to its success. The use of the 'Wider World' series of texts is perfect for this approach. Case studies from all over the world are used as well as Zambian ones, giving the students a well-rounded global view of the subject.

Geography is also a practical subject and so field trips are an essential part of its study. Field trips include a river study at Kundalila Falls, a visit to industries on the Copperbelt and a town study of Kabwe. Along their geographical journey students will pick up skills such as map work and basic research skills. They will also be able to analyse statistical information and diagrams. IGCSE Geography adequately lays the needed foundation for A Level Geography.

The increased knowledge and understanding of how the world 'operates' will be invaluable in many different careers from business to game ranching. Geography lessons at Chengelo are the first steps to encourage the students to go and see the world at firsthand for themselves!


Reasons to study GEOGRAPHY include:

  1. I enjoy learning about real places and people.
  2. I enjoy learning subjects that have practical application in the field.
  3. I am interested in understanding how the world operates and what my role is in improving the environment we live in.
  4. Geography opens a number of career paths including: Environmental Science, Tourism, Demography, Geology, Meteorology, Social Work, Economics, Town and Country Planning.

The aim of the IGCSE course is to enable students to gain a better understanding of human activities in the 20th Century. Students learn about the causes and consequences of key historical events. Such knowledge promotes toleration, a respect for other cultures and an enhanced understanding of the many problems (political, social and economic), which face our world today.

History at IGCSE level also equips students with a number of vital skills. For example, to;

  • Use information accurately in order to support a coherent and logical argument.
  • Communicate in a clear and concise manner, using appropriate terminology.
  • Show an empathetic understanding of individuals and societies.
  • Interpret different sources of information, appreciating the potential for distortion through bias and propaganda.

Over two years, students cover a diverse range of topics. The focus is international and a basic outline is given below:

  • International Relations, 1919-39
  • Tension and Co-operation Since 1945
  • Germany, 1918-45
  • America in the 1920’s and 30’s.

Aspects of the course, which students find particularly fascinating, are the Vietnam War, life in Nazi Germany and 1920’s America (for example gangsters, flapper girls and the treatment of African Americans).


Reasons to study HISTORY include:

  1. I enjoy finding out about the past, or I am interested in politics, society or just seeing how things were different in different places and at different times.
  2. I enjoy reading about and investigating subjects, I enjoy reasoning and debating subjects.
  3. I often ask why things are the way they are today.
  4. History opens a number of career paths including: Law, Management Administration, Data Analysis, Accountancy, and Business Management.
Religious Studies

The aim of Religious Studies at Chengelo is to look at Religion and, specifically, Christianity from an academic perspective. The aim is to train pupils to think broadly, to challenge personal beliefs and to increase knowledge. The course aims to cover a wide variety of topics in the first three years including giving a foundation to Biblical knowledge, and a study of other religions such as Judaism, Islam, African Traditional Religions and Hinduism from a Christian perspective.

The IGCSE course then focuses on two main topics, 'The Gospel of Mark' and ‘Religion and Life from a Christian Perspective’. The course is well balanced and interesting. It is important that the pupils look at the Bible as the main source of knowledge of the Christian religion. It is also vital that they study relevant topics, relating Christianity to life in the present day.


Reasons to study RELIGIOUS STUDIES include:

  1. It helps you to understand the beliefs, values and traditions of religions.
  2. It challenges you to consider religious and other responses to moral and ethical questions.
  3. It helps you to develop skills to identify, investigate and respond to fundamental questions of life.
  4. Religious Studies opens a number of career paths including: Law, Sociology, Psychology, Teaching, Ministry, (Church) Caring professions.
Art and Design

All pupils up to Form 3 study Art & Design. Thereafter, it is an option offered at IGCSE and A-Level. At IGCSE, students are required to submit work for two papers from a wide range of choices, which include Observational, Interpretative and Design Study.


Reasons to study ART & DESIGN include:

The Art and Design course:

  1. Encourages intuitive, imaginative and design thinking which help with problem solving in tactile, visual, critical and analytical faculties.
  2. Stimulates interest in environmental and cultural diversity.
  3. Provides an introduction to artistic appreciation, enjoyment, personal enrichment and increase one’s confidence that comes as a result of acquisition of new skills.

Art and Design opens up a number of career paths including fashion designer, jeweller, interior designer, furniture designer, landscaper, architect, ceramist, computer graphics animator and game developer, commercial photographer, film producer, environmental conservationist, artist, art teacher/lecturer and advertising agent designer.

Design and Technology

All pupils study Design & Technology up to Form 3. Thereafter, it is an option and is taken up to IGCSE. The subject includes theory and practical work, which takes an idea through from the design process to realization (the actual making of the designed artefact). At IGCSE pupils sit for two written papers and undertake a practical project. The syllabus covers a range of resistance materials such as metal (fabrication and machining), wood (including lathe work) and plastics.


Reasons to study DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY include:

  1. Students gain technical and design awareness, and develop skills such as initiative, resourcefulness, enquiry and ingenuity.
  2. It enables students to identify, consider and solve problems through creative thinking, planning and design, by working with different media, materials and tools.
  3. Design and Technology provides an ideal basis for further study and prepares students for careers such as Architect, Industrial Design and Engineering.

Why choose Cambridge IGCSE Music?

The aims of the course are to:

  1. Enable one to acquire and consolidate a range of basic musical skills, knowledge and understanding, through the activities of listening, performing and composing
  2. Help develop a perceptive, sensitivity and critical response to the main historical, Western and non-Western traditions and appreciation of cultural similarities and differences
  3. Develop one’s personal confidence that comes through an informed appreciation of music and an acquisition of new skill
PSME (Personal, Social and Moral Education)

NB: This is a Non-IGCSE Course

This course continues in Form 3 through to Form 5 building on the work covered in Forms 1 & 2. During Form 3 the decision-making process is emphasised in anticipation of the Option Choices. Relationships become even more important at this stage, including those with the opposite sex, and much time is devoted to discussions of this area.

Form 4 & 5 move towards preparing for adulthood in terms of decisions for the future, relationships, preparing for careers/further education and other important issues of life. As well as some traditional teaching methods, discussions, role-play, small group work and other methods are used to encourage pupils to think for themselves about growing up and moving towards maturity.

Physical Education

NB: This is a Non-IGCSE Course

PE is taught as a curriculum subject throughout the five years at Chengelo. The school is fortunate in having excellent facilities, and these include a cricket field, 25m swimming pool, two tennis courts, and football, rugby, hockey and netball pitches. We also have two squash courts, two basketball courts, volleyball courts and athletics facilities.

As a result of the extensive facilities pupils enjoy a wide range of activities in PE lessons. Typically, a pupil may participate in athletics, basketball, cricket, cross country, football, hockey, netball, rounders, rugby, softball, swimming and volleyball.

The PE Department is also committed to extra-curricular sport. There are numerous clubs and activities taking place after school and at the weekends. Where possible, “friendly” matches are arranged against other schools. Chengelo teams have always competed in the International Schools Association of Zambia (ISAZ) Sports Festivals held annually in Lusaka or the Copperbelt.


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